What are traits of a submissive person?

Do you invest a lot of energy in accommodating the desires of others? Do you ignore your own needs to satisfy those of others? Are you a submissive person? Let's explore the psychological traits of this profile.

Individuals with submissive personalities abandon their true desires to please others. They willingly submit to the authority and dominance of others and tend to trust those around them.

This approach to life events often makes them feel powerless and hinders their ability to make daily decisions, as they feel incapable. Their sense of life revolves around dependence and entrusting their will to others. 

The lack of self-confidence leads them to relinquish their identity and desires in order to do things for others. Submissive individuals seek not to gain fulfillment by offering their lives to others, but rather to be accepted and loved.

What are traits of a submissive person

In this article, we will explore the psychological traits that characterize the behavior and actions of a submissive personality.

Several psychological traits define a submissive person. Here are nine traits based on the study of personality by Millon and Davis (1998).

Low self-esteem

One of the main traits of submissive individuals is their lack of self-confidence. They tend to be cooperative, conformist, and non-assertive. They avoid being in the spotlight at all costs and are perceived by their circle of friends as caring, generous, and flattering. People around them are often impressed by their humility, friendliness, kindness, and gentleness. However, behind this affability lies a desire for approval. This need becomes evident in the face of stressful conditions, which they feel powerless against.

Their sentimental and sensitive nature can make them extremely conciliatory and self-sacrificing in interpersonal relationships.


Submissive individuals learn to bond with others by merging their identities with them, denying their differences, and avoiding expressions of power. By presenting themselves as defenseless and weak, they obtain the protection, care, and affection they seek.

They perceive themselves as defenseless and incapable, thus shying away from taking responsibility. They believe that others are better prepared to face the challenges and difficulties that life presents.


Another characteristic of individuals with a submissive personality is their limited self-awareness and awareness of others. They are not very introspective about the problems surrounding them and tend to be naive and uncritical. Generally, they always see the beautiful or pleasant side of things.

Naivety leads them to be simple, innocent, and immature individuals. They believe what others tell them in order to avoid conflict, even if they feel unfairly treated.


When feeling lonely, submissive individuals consider themselves weak and fragile. They tend to downplay their beliefs and achievements. When comparing themselves to others, they minimize their qualities and highlight their inferiority and flaws.

This pattern of self-hatred can be understood as a strategy to make others feel loved and appreciated. It puts them in a superior position that flatters others, seeking their approval.


Submissive or dependent individuals tend to have unsophisticated and somewhat childlike ideas. They are constantly driven to admire, love, and give their utmost, as they perceive it as the only way to obtain care and affection from others.

Due to their immaturity, the submissive personality has learned that they are inferior and that they can provide their "superiors" with a sense of usefulness, strength, understanding, and competence.


The helplessness and incapacity of the submissive individual evoke feelings of emptiness and fear of loneliness. The defense mechanism they use to cope with these feelings is introjection.

Through introjection, they internalize the beliefs and values of other people. By aligning themselves with the identity and abilities of others, they avoid the anxiety of their helplessness.

Denial is another characteristic mechanism of individuals with a submissive personality, evident in the naivety of their thoughts. They always soften interpersonal discomfort and the resulting stress. They typically speak in a cloying manner to hide (or deny) any aggression.

Introversion and Shyness in Submissive Personality

Since submissive individuals suppress desires, feelings, and emotions to please others and gain their approval and protection, they often appear shy. They do so to avoid the conflicts that can arise from social relationships.

Emotional Dependence

Having a submissive personality, they seek a dominant person to provide them with a sense of responsibility. In many instances, they are emotionally dependent on authoritative figures in their lives.

Emotional dependence prevents them from being free and autonomous.

Lack of Assertiveness in Submissive Personality

The submissive personality does not express viewpoints, desires, and needs. Why? Because they believe that in doing so, they can avoid any conflict. This clearly shows a lack of assertiveness.


When a submissive personality causes distress, psychotherapeutic intervention becomes necessary. It is the first and perhaps most important step for the individual to begin trusting themselves and their abilities.

Likewise, they will learn to fulfill their needs and seek gratification without sacrificing their identity solely to please others.


Dealing with Uncooperative Individuals: How to Manage Hostile People?
Do you work with someone who refuses to collaborate and only knows how to complain and create obstacles? Difficult personalities can make it challenging to form a team and even coexist. If this is your situation, we will explain what to do. Take note!

Uncooperative people are like barriers that hinder everything. They are the individuals who see problems and flaws in everything, those with whom reaching an agreement takes a lot of effort. With their attitude, they undermine the spirit and motivation to undertake any activity. If you live with such a person or are forced to work with a colleague with this profile, you know what we are talking about.

Dealing with Uncooperative Individuals How to Manage Hostile People

This is a problem that many business leaders also face because one thing they hope for is to be able to lead a project in a way that each team member assumes their assigned role and responsibilities. However, sometimes there are those who raise their complaints to the point of sabotaging the project and undermining harmony.

When a company hires an employee, it does so based on their apparent value and knowledge. However, they often find themselves dealing with and managing hostile behaviors for which they are not always prepared. 

It is true that one can always consider termination, but hostile individuals display behavior that is frequently overwhelming.

Is there anything that can be done in these cases? Or should we simply accept the fact that those who refuse to cooperate are inherently obstructive and cannot change? 

The success of a company or any relationship always relies on the ability to collaborate and reach agreements.

Uncooperative or Hostile People 

We have all experienced the pleasant feeling of getting along with a group of people. When that happens, everything goes smoothly: ideas flow, goals are achieved, enriching conversations take place, and even productivity improves.

This applies to the workplace as well as any social, familial, or romantic context. This positive environment always stems from a crucial and magical element: cooperation. On the other side, there are those who do not collaborate.

To understand these individuals, it is worth recalling the interpersonal theory of German psychoanalyst Karen Horney. According to this model, neuroticism can be expressed in three ways: being compliant and dependent on others, showing detachment by avoiding people, and finally, demonstrating hostility.

The University of Utah has even conducted a research study to create an inventory that can detect these personality patterns. 

However, what was interesting in this study by Dr. Horney was the understanding that those who obstruct everything usually have a childhood marked by abandonment, critical upbringing, and a lack of warmth.

Therefore, another interesting aspect of this profile is to recognize the various forms in which it manifests. It is highly likely that we are familiar with some behavioral patterns.

Uncooperative Individuals: The "Know-it-all"

Uncooperative people speak against us because, in their opinion, they know more than we do. They perceive themselves as having better skills and knowledge than the average person. This sense of superiority leads them to disdain any idea, proposal, or effort to complete a task.

The Drama Queen/King

Everything will go wrong. Obstruction can also manifest through victimhood. It is common to see individuals putting obstacles in every wheel by using complaints as a blocking mechanism. In these situations, phrases like the following are common: "You never consider me in your plans," "You never listen to me," or "Surely your plan will be a disaster."

The Explosive Type

Uncooperative individuals can sometimes display a more problematic trait. We refer to their explosive and unpredictable impulsiveness, which translates into aggressive responses. They can go from being calm to angry within seconds. We might believe, for a moment, that we have their consent and support, but after a few seconds, something triggers them to turn against us.

The Narcissistic Obstructionist

Indeed, many profiles with antagonistic behaviors exhibit clear narcissistic tendencies. These individuals are very skilled at sabotaging progress, obstructing goal achievement, and even undermining teamwork.

In some way, their hostile and obstructive behavior allows them to gain a certain dominance over others through their hostility. They are the presence that acts as a virus at any stage, infecting everything, extinguishing motivation, and closing off any possibility of achieving goals.

When a person with obstructionist and even problematic tendencies is identified, a company may choose to assign them routine and simple tasks. The idea is that their behavior does not hinder the work of others, and they focus solely on highly standardized objectives.

How to Manage Uncooperative Individuals?

It is highly likely that we are familiar with situations dominated by uncooperative people. Moreover, we are aware of the cost that this poses for an organization, as well as any environment where these individuals annihilate harmony and productivity. The question that undoubtedly arises on multiple occasions is what we can do.

An Implemented Strategy

Is there an effective strategy that allows us to bring about a change in these individuals? The answer is simple. We cannot expect the obstructionist to change; the only way out is to learn how to handle them so that their presence affects us as little as possible.

On the other hand, if someone with this behavior is identified in a work environment, it is preferable not to assign them leadership positions and to relegate them to routine and highly standardized tasks that do not require reaching agreements with others. Let's now see which approaches can be useful in dealing with them:

Listen without falling into provocations

Engaging in a discussion with a narcissist or a provocative individual is futile. It is a lost battle where our energy and spirit are drained. In all cases, it is preferable to simply listen to their complaints and reason without reacting. We know that all they seek is to impose their power by creating distance and problems, but we also know that we will not play their game or fall into their traps. Just listen and then do what you deem appropriate without losing your composure.

Show confidence and self-assurance with uncooperative individuals

Avoid wavering, doubting, or getting carried away by the misconduct of uncooperative people. Show them that you trust your abilities and that their criticisms, threats, or doubts will not undermine your willpower. Having confidence in yourself means disregarding those who only bring the noise. Being an efficient and determined person means turning a deaf ear to those who want to see you fail.

Make it clear that non-cooperation has consequences

Sooner or later, uncooperative individuals have to pay a price for their behavior and attitude. As always happens with narcissists or problematic figures, they end up experiencing isolation and social rejection.

For an organization, team, or relationship to function, coexistence, reaching agreements, and cooperation are necessary. This requires intentionality, emotional openness, a strong commitment to others, and a positive attitude.

Those who carry the burden of their frustrations only want to spread the same imbalance and chaos elsewhere. The best approach in these cases is to make them understand that with their behavior, they have only two options: to change or to leave. Those who obstruct, destroy. Let's keep that in mind.


Can A Narcissistic Person Change?

What are the characteristics of a narcissistic person? Can you change your way of being and relating to others? Stay tuned and find out in this article!

A narcissistic person appears arrogant, presumptuous, self-centered, and haughty. These individuals perceive themselves as superior to others, strive to possess objects that reflect their status, and seek to appear successful in life. Despite their feelings of grandiosity, they rely on praise and attention from others to bolster their ego.

Can A Narcissistic Person Change

As a result, narcissists tend to be highly sensitive to criticism, which they interpret as a personal attack. Can a person with this pattern of being and relating to the world change? Can the personality of a narcissistic person be modified?

Characteristics of a Narcissistic Person

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders defines this personality disorder as a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy that begins in early adulthood and is characterized by the presence of at least five of the following criteria:
  • Has feelings of grandiosity and is arrogant (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without corresponding accomplishments).
  • Appears absorbed in fantasies of success, power, brilliance, beauty, or perfect love.
  • Believes they are special and unique and can only be understood or associated with other special people (or institutions).
  • Has an excessive need for admiration.
  • Displays a sense of entitlement (i.e., unreasonable expectations of favorable treatment or automatic fulfillment of their expectations).
  • Exploits interpersonal relationships, taking advantage of others to achieve their own ends.
  • Appears lacking in empathy and unwilling to identify with the needs of others.
  • Is often envious of others or believes others are envious of them.
  • Displays arrogant and haughty behaviors and attitudes.
In general, a narcissistic person believes they are better than others. Narcissism can also encourage aggressive behavior in both men and women. This type of behavior may arise as a defense mechanism for the person to protect themselves when feeling threatened and wanting to safeguard their ego.

Causes of Narcissism

Some studies have suggested a genetic predisposition to the disorder. Traits such as aggressiveness, a lack of tolerance for discomfort, and poor affect regulation are prominent in narcissistic individuals (Weinberg, 2006).

It has also been suggested that negative experiences, such as childhood rejection and the development of a fragile ego during early childhood, may contribute to the onset of the disorder in adulthood. Likewise, excessive praise and the belief that the child has extraordinary abilities can contribute to the development of narcissism.

Other early experiences that contribute to this disorder include:
  • Abuse or trauma.
  • Lack of authentic validation in their environment.
  • Indulgence by parents.
  • An emotionally deprived upbringing.

Can A Narcissistic Person Change?

If you have researched narcissism, you may have come across claims about the difficulties of bringing about changes in oneself. However, that is not necessarily the case. The truth is that everyone is capable of change if they are willing to work on changing their behavioral patterns.

What happens with narcissists is not that they cannot change, but rather they do not want to change. They do not see sufficient reasons to do so because, in their grandiose self-image, they perceive themselves as perfect. In fact, research suggests that narcissistic tendencies naturally decrease with age.

The problem with treating a narcissist does not lie in the mistaken belief that they cannot change, but rather in the difficulty of convincing them that they need help, as they will not acknowledge that anything is wrong with them. They take pride in who they are and how they interact with others.

As we have seen, individuals with narcissistic personalities consider themselves superior and rarely recognize the importance of changing and being different. Typically, when advised to see a specialist, they believe that the other person is envious of them. All of this makes it very difficult for change to be a possibility for them.

How to Determine If a Narcissist Is Open to Change

Some signs that a narcissistic person is willing to change include:
  • Taking responsibility for their actions when they are not good.
  • Being willing to listen to others.
  • Trying to improve emotional regulation skills.
  • Apologizing when their actions cause harm.
  • Recognizing the feelings of others.
  • Showing interest in understanding the motivations behind their behavior.
  • Examining and reflecting on their own behaviors without devaluing others.
Once a person is committed to change, therapy can help them take responsibility and learn the following:
  • Building and maintaining personal relationships.
  • Collaborating with others and not using them as a means to selfish ends.
  • Recognizing and accepting their real and potential abilities in order to tolerate criticism and failures.
  • Increasing the capacity to understand and regulate emotions.
  • Improving self-esteem, making it less dependent on others' feedback.
  • Freeing themselves from the desire to achieve impossible goals.
  • Recognizing what is achievable and setting realistic goals without falling into idealistic fantasies of success.
Treatment may also include:
  • Identifying narcissistic behaviors that cause problems.
  • Examining past experiences and assumptions that have led to current behaviors.
  • Reflecting on how these behaviors impact others.
  • Replacing grandiose thoughts with more realistic ones.
  • Exploring new behavior patterns and putting them into practice.
  • Discovering the benefits of new habits.
Ultimately, individuals are not condemned to feel maladjusted; they can change if they commit to the therapeutic process and materialize their desire to improve their way of relating to others by being aware of the value of others and rejecting the temptation to use them as instruments to satisfy their desires, directly or indirectly.
The Stoic personality: Do you recognize yourself in it?

The Stoic mind gains a lot of time by avoiding the temptation to get angry because the world is not as one would like it to be. It accepts it and, from that moment on, makes its decisions. We can all learn the characteristics of this philosophy to have a more resilient personality. Discover it!

The Stoic personality Do you recognize yourself in it

Far from being a passing trend, the Stoic personality stems from a philosophical perspective that has permeated our culture for decades. Epictetus, the Greek philosopher of indifference, was a source of inspiration for psychotherapist Albert Ellis in the 1950s. In fact, cognitive psychology partly derives its foundations from his personal ethics.

Interestingly, this philosophical school began for a reason. It was Zeno of Citium, a Phoenician merchant, who founded it in Athens at the beginning of the 3rd century BC.

He did so following a painful experience: the loss of all his wealth in a shipwreck at the age of 45. From that moment on, his existence focused on delivering speeches in public squares on physics, logic, and thought.

According to him, no loss should matter to us as much as the loss of time because it is the most irreparable dimension. Furthermore, if there was one aspect on which he insisted, it was the need to accept reality as if it were a rational mandate. It is the reality that everyone is obliged to understand in order to act accordingly.

Developing a more Stoic approach can be a support in a world of chaos, a scenario to which it is sometimes difficult for us to adapt. Why not better understand how these people are in order to imitate some of their characteristics? 

What is the Stoic personality?

We live in an increasingly complex society with fragile relationships, social crises, and the constant burden of uncertainty. Faced with such a context, there are only two options: to accept or to continue struggling in the face of many difficulties. The Stoic personality configures the perspective that best adapts to an environment in which reason allows us to overcome chaos.

Massimo Pigliucci is a well-known Italian biologist, philosopher, and writer known for popularizing this type of philosophy.

In his book "How to Be a Stoic" published in 2018, he reminds us that although we cannot control what happens to us, we can work on how we respond to it. Factors such as anxiety, stress, and daily suffering could be better managed if we develop a more Stoic mindset. Composure, acceptance, and resilience are the seeds that support and make this type of personality construct worth knowing. Let's analyze them.

The Stoic personality is logical, practical, and decisive. It does not get carried away by emotions such as anguish and tries to accept its circumstances but always seeks to make decisions that allow it to move in the desired direction. 

Self-sufficiency and personal responsibility 

Think for yourself and decide based on your needs, values, and principles. Could there be a more necessary and healthy characteristic? Obviously not. Self-sufficiency is the ability to guide ourselves with our own judgment without external conditioning.

Only you are responsible for your life, and this requires not leaving your future in the hands of others. On the other hand, this characteristic is nourished by a healthy self-esteem that intertwines everything and gives momentum to the Stoic personality. At the moment you trust yourself, your judgments, values, and decisions, your destiny takes a different course. 

The Stoic personality is defined by a high capacity for self-control
The Stoic personality is defined by a high capacity for self-control

Self-knowledge to know who we are and what we want 

A person who does not know themselves allows themselves to be carried away by the designs of others and by chaos. If we want to acquire a more Stoic mindset, we must first promote self-knowledge. Knowing what gives us meaning, what we expect from life and from ourselves, provides us with some pillars to lean on, as well as a more motivating starting point.

The Stoics have worked on that introspection from which they not only knew who they were but also tried to become aware of their virtues and limitations. Knowing our strengths and weaknesses will undoubtedly allow us to navigate better in the journey of existence. 

Adaptability to change

Two of the most common "ailments" of this century are stress and anxiety. We have difficulty handling setbacks, accepting uncertainty, and envisioning significant and minor changes. However, the Stoic personality is very skilled at managing these types of circumstances.

Researchers at the Birkbeck Affective and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory indicate in a paper that this philosophical school is very useful for all those inclined to excessive worries. One of its virtues is to teach us that, as human beings, we must be able to adapt to the unexpected and twists of fate.

Any variation in our routine disturbs us, threatening to throw us out of our comfort zone. However, our strength lies in our adaptability, and once achieved, it is easier to move where we want.

Although Stoicism is a philosophical school that originated in the 3rd century BC, its perspectives are very useful in the face of the challenges we are currently facing.

Focus on resolution, not stagnation 

We all have the ability to improve our problem-solving skills. The first step is to lower the volume of fears, panic, and catastrophic thinking. The Stoic person is more rational than emotional, and their particularity is to look at the world from a place of balance, acceptance, and a constant search for solutions.

Those who remain trapped by debilitating emotions such as anguish and denial do not progress; they stagnate. The Stoic personality is logical, practical, and decisive.

Resilient mind with the ability to focus: that's the Stoic personality 

Adversity is that shade present on the canvas of our existence; no one completely avoids it, and no one is immune to it. For the sake of our psychological health and personal growth, we should develop a more resilient approach. The Stoic heart accepts and understands the arrival of fate, the suffering that obscures everything.

Now, far from being stuck in the discomfort of that tunnel of darkness, you advance through it knowing that destiny cannot be controlled. What you could do is learn from that situation by taking a broader and more perspective mental outlook.

Sometimes, when misfortunes strike us, we only look at the small details, the obstacles, and the thorns that harm us. The Stoic person seeks to see the bigger picture and look beyond their own life's hurdles. It is there, looking upwards, that we find new meanings and greater hope.
The Stoic person understands that life is full of obstacles, but they accept them and move forward by adopting new perspectives
The Stoic person understands that life is full of obstacles, but they accept them and move forward by adopting new perspectives

Serenity, the best way of life 

In the face of daily disagreements, serenity. In the face of challenges, uncertainties, and everyday problems, serenity. It is true that it can be difficult for us to develop this balanced, calm, and luminous attitude, but it would be an ideal strategy to calm fears, and anxieties, and have a better quality of life.

Men and women with Stoic qualities seek to be in harmony with nature and themselves. They seek to cultivate their virtues, learn, and be disciplined so that reason is always the best response to any challenge.

The Stoic person understands that life is full of obstacles, but they accept them and move forward by assuming new perspectives.

The Stoic Personality: A Useful Approach That Does Not Expire In recent decades, Stoicism has gained great popularity. However, this philosophical school has always been present in our culture and in more than one psychological perspective. Adopting some of the principles of Stoic thinking can be very useful for us today.

Remember, for a Stoic, happiness is nothing more than the subtle combination of two great ingredients: virtue and ataraxia (tranquility). Why not work on these qualities today?


What are the 9 Enneagram personality types?
The enneagram system is a map that describes personality according to nine main models, also explaining the relationships between them, such as affinities and interactions between different character types.

This map also helps us understand why we tend to love certain types of people, reject others, or be indifferent to them.

What are the 9 Enneagram personality types

The basic idea is that there are nine archetypal personalities within the enneagram, with different basic strategies for managing their lives in every area.

The various personalities, depending on their life experiences or level of stress, may suffer more or less, manifesting different behaviors and ways of reacting.

Since life can distance us from our essence, working with the enneagram seeks to move us away from the rigidity of acquired character and closer to our authenticity, to rediscover ourselves and learn to live better.

In essence, each personality type has characteristics that denote patterns of thought, feelings, and behaviors.

The Enneagram is a geometric symbol, appearing as a circumference consisting of 9 points, connected by internal lines according to specific relationships.

9 Enneagram personality types

At the top is 9, and the other numbers follow clockwise, starting from 1.

Each number represents a personality type, called an "Enneatype," with its own characteristics and peculiar relationships with others.

The Enneagram has ancient origins, believed to have been handed down for centuries before reaching our day. Confined to esoteric and mystical environments, Gurdjieff and his students (Ichazo and Naranjo) are credited with studying and applying it in the psychological field, as a useful tool for self-knowledge and self-improvement.

It is a tool for awareness and personal growth, describing the negative characteristics of each personality type (i.e., the blocks and resistances), but also providing insights to overcome them and develop the inherent potential of every human being. 

Personality is defined as the set of cognitive, behavioral, and relational tendencies that distinguish the individual. At a lower evolutionary level, they appear as fixations, rigid and repetitive habits that prevent the person from thinking and acting in accordance with their authentic being, causing a multitude of problems in self-expression and in relationships with others.

Enneatype 1: The Perfectionist

Negative traits

Perfectionism leads Enneatype 1 to not compromise, to be inflexible, and to overestimate himself. He needs to have everything under control, adheres strictly to rules, and avoids expressing his anger, which sometimes explodes suddenly or is masked by an intolerant attitude. He criticizes himself in the same way he criticizes others, is dedicated to work, and tends to deny himself the pleasures of life.

Positive traits

Great worker, responsible, precise, and organized. He doesn't give up until he achieves his goal and is able to lead others. He has ideals of justice and is sincere and correct.

Relational approach

He rarely lets himself go and appears cold and detached as a strategy to avoid losing control. He is distrustful and prefers relationships with clear boundaries. He reveals nothing about himself except his best side.

Enneatype 2: The Altruistic Giver 

Negative traits

Altruism is just a façade that hides pride and arrogance. Enneatype 2 gives to receive approval, and has a strong need to be loved and recognized; when this need is not satisfied, they can easily fall prey to anger. They have a fear of abandonment and may resort to manipulative behaviors to please others. They seek attention and display exaggerated expressions of emotions, which conceal feelings of emptiness.

Positive traits

At a higher level of evolution, their altruism is authentic and without ulterior motives. They are open and helpful to others, able to show humility and sincerity without feeling inferior.

Relational approach

They are trustworthy and available, able to establish intense relationships from the outset, but later become demanding and dissatisfied. In response to what they see as rejection, they may disqualify others to maintain an image of independence.

Enneatype 3: The Organizer - Executor 

Negative traits

Vain and egocentric, focused on image and success, they minimize their own flaws and want to be the best. They manipulate to be admired and to get what they want and are highly competitive. In reality, they work hard to satisfy the demands of others, but they do not know their own true desires.

Positive traits

Their efficiency, adaptability, and motivation lead them to excel and be excellent organizers. They also have charisma and charm, qualities that allow them to achieve success.

Relational approach

Their relationships are centered around projects and material issues. They want to appear brilliant and receive validation, and fear rejection. They do not let go, are controlled, and are detached from their own feelings.

Enneatype 4: Artist - Romantic 

Negative traits

Unlike type 3, Enneatype 4 considers themselves inferior to others, blaming themselves or complaining about the world. Their vision of life is tragic and pessimistic, and they love to fantasize without taking action, paralyzed by doubts and fears. They describe themselves as original and special, surrounding themselves with people and interests that are out of the ordinary.

Positive traits

Their sensitivity, if properly directed, can transform into creative power and depth. They are empathetic, receptive, and generous.

Relational approach

They can be individualistic, isolated from the world, or dependent on people or substances. They have an ideal of romantic love that does not match reality: in a relationship, they tend to feel inadequate and distance themselves.

Enneatype 5: Thinker - Observer 

Negative traits

Enneatype 5 is closed and solitary, preferring to observe and reflect. They have low self-esteem, are suspicious, and appear detached and calm, but are actually very demanding of themselves. However, they often fail to turn their ideas into action due to their insecurity. Social contact exhausts them, and they would prefer to isolate themselves in a secret place to watch the world.

Positive traits

They have analytical abilities, and their inclination towards knowledge can allow them to achieve important results at an intellectual level. By learning to open up, they can become an excellent confidant and a reliable listener.

Relational approach

Their calm is apparent, but in truth, they harbor anger towards themselves and others. They rarely reveal anything about themselves and keep their distance, making themselves independent. Their biggest fear is to trust and lose themselves.

Enneatype 6: Collaborator - Skeptical Loyalist 

Negative traits

Those who identify with this enneatype are anxious, suspicious, and doubtful. They seek the collaboration of others to obtain protection from dangers that they believe they are not capable of facing alone. They have difficulty putting actions into practice and are insecure, hyper-vigilant, and critical.

Positive traits

Loyalty, reliability, and respect for rules are the main qualities of type 6. They stand up for the weaker ones and have a strong moral code.

Relational approach

They avoid conflicts; their mistrust makes them shy. They need to bond with a strong person who can guide them and make them feel safe. Once they have gained their trust, they can open up without reservations.

Enneatype 7: Optimistic - Hedonist 

Negative traits

Oriented towards pleasure, in search of stimulation, and escaping from boredom: for enneatype 7, it is difficult to commit to long-term goals and delve deep into things. They reject duties and always have new projects that they leave unfinished. They are very self-assured to the point of being arrogant, engaging, and seductive, but often manipulative.

Positive traits

Their optimism and vitality are positive qualities; they are interesting, curious, and adventurous, know how to make the best of life.

Relational approach

They are expansive and egocentric, wanting to be loved and cannot tolerate rejection. Just like life, they also live their relationships in a lively but superficial manner. They cannot sustain long-term commitments and may run away once they have conquered the other.

Enneatype 8: The Leader

Negative traits

A natural leader, the Enneatype 8's imperative is to command and impose their will. They are not allowed to show weakness, and they can be overbearing and argumentative. They need to be constantly stimulated to feel alive. Very self-assured, they don't recognize their own limits and don't have any scruples. They don't want to be judged but judge others, they are vengeful and always think they are in the right.

Positive traits

Charisma, courage, and charm used in service of causes and ideals can become resources, but the Enneatype 8 must learn to set aside their desire for power.

Relational approach

Even in relationships, they seek to maintain power and control their partner because they cannot trust anyone, which would make them feel vulnerable. They test others and are possessive but do not yield to emotional displays.

Enneatype 9: The Mediator

Negative traits

Enneatype 9's personality is typical of a passive, dependent, and acquiescent individual. They are lazy, rarely make decisions, and avoid change and responsibility. Their desire is to live in peace, but they remain on the surface, unaware of their real needs.

Positive traits

An excellent mediators, they stay away from conflicts and always try to help others, restoring balance. They must be careful not to be overwhelmed by the needs of others at the expense of their own, only then can their conciliatory actions be truly effective.

Relational approach

They are accommodating but maintain a distance from their own feelings, fearing involvement. Their relationships are often ambiguous, and they become elusive when asked to make decisions and commitments.

Through the Enneagram, everyone can discover their maladaptive dynamics and deepen their resources, to undertake a process of change that aims at self-realization. Everyone has something of all personality types within them, but it is essential to recognize the one that resonates most with oneself to start an effective self-improvement journey.
What type of intelligence does each MBTI type have?
The personality types of Myers Briggs are not a direct reflection of intelligence, but it happens that some types statistically perform better than others in standardized intelligence tests (e.g. INTP).

What type of intelligence does each MBTI type have

Although people of any type can be truly intelligent, there may be some types of intelligence in which each MBTI type specializes more than others due to their functional preferences. Here's a look at the type of intellectual strength that each MBTI type is likely to exhibit.


INFJs exhibit perceptive powers that allow them to understand human behavior at a deep and comprehensive level. They tend to read people well and make acute observations about them that can be surprisingly accurate and insightful. Since they are able to analyze the behavior of others the way they do, this might be very well-suited to them for professions in psychology and behavioral sciences.


INFPs exhibit a strong emotional intelligence which, along with their imagination and verbal fluency, can allow them to become powerful and moving writers of poetry and fiction. They have a strong creative intelligence with the ability to express mental images that others may vaguely imagine. INFPs can be very intelligent and skilled wordsmiths and sometimes surprise people with the beauty, depth, and humor of their writing or other forms of creation.


INTJs exhibit a strong engineering mind and the ability to devise effective solutions to real-world problems. They are good at taking data and concepts and compiling them into useful applications. Creating efficient systems and strengthening weak points in their structure is their forte. Independent and self-driven, INTJs don't really need most of their education to be spoon-fed to them. They are able to learn almost exclusively through independent study and copious amounts of reading.


INTPs exhibit a conceptually creative intelligence. They have a deeply abstract and analytical thinking ability focused on a question, problem, or puzzle. INTPs are acute critical thinkers whose logical minds can easily detect inconsistencies, errors, and flaws in a given statement or logic. They are more theoretical than practical and are good at making sense of things that may seem too opaque for many to understand.


ENTPs possess a strong inclination as shrewd linguists and verbal acrobats. That's why they are considered excellent orators and intellectuals. As Ne-doms, they are skillful in making intuitive leaps, connecting dots, and identifying patterns that others won't notice. As problem-solvers, they excel at thinking outside the box, brainstorming, and generating a host of interesting potential solutions and experiments to try.


The type of intelligence ENTJs exhibit is the ability to visualize opportunities and understand how to make them succeed. ENTJs are masters at transforming what seems like a piece of coal into a pot of gold. They have a special understanding of what it takes to be successful and a willingness and ability to put all the right pieces together in service of their goal or objective. Their success may seem like magic, but it is more likely due to their tireless work ethic and relentless obsession with improvement.


ENFPs display a creative intelligence very similar to that of INFPs, but also an interpersonal intuition that is sharp. They are excellent communicators who have the ability to use all the right words to fascinate, motivate, and sometimes manipulate. Although their vocabularies are concise and academic, they know how to speak in the most effective terms that allow them to be well-received and understood. They learn a lot about people through self-analysis and keen observations of others.


ENFJs display a strong intellect in the realm of people and their way of working and devising balanced and right solutions. They know how to skillfully use diplomacy to get the response they desire. This can be used to unite or divide depending on the ENFJ's purposes, but their level of perception and understanding of the human condition makes them very capable as leaders. They are well-equipped to organize, inspire, and galvanize groups around a cause or goal that is beneficial and meaningful for all involved.


ISTJs have the type of mind that stores information that is perfect for competing in game shows like Jeopardy. Their learning style allows them to excel and thrive academically in the traditional public education system. They are good at memorizing and absorbing facts and procedures. Taken to the extreme, ISTJs can become extraordinary savants who can recite 500 digits of pi or remember the dates of obscure historical events.


ISFJs are good at working smart and employing all the efficiency techniques and tricks that have been taught over the years. ISFPs are not very interested in high intellectuality and philosophical concepts. However, they may possess an interest in and aptitude for the behavioral sciences and counseling. They themselves are less likely to possess the INFJ's natural intuitive insight, but ISFJs are good at absorbing and learning rhetoric and becoming skilled at doing things by the book.


ESFJs display a brand of intelligence that is socially adept. They tend to be up-to-date and in tune with people and events around them. In general, ESFJs can show good relational skills and the ability to identify each person's strengths and the best way to use them as part of the team. They can also be good at anticipating the needs of others and in the process of orchestrating arrangements to ensure compliance with professional standards.


ESTJs are often brilliant and able to excel in the academic realm. They are likely to be scholars and serious about their future in part for the desire for status within society. ESTJs are skilled in learning standards and procedures and in working their way up from within the system. Their strengths lie in their significant logistical ability and their ability to harness data in service of the organization and strategy in a competitive environment.
What are INFJ characters? The Most Unique of Them All
In recent years, the INFJ personality has gained a lot of popularity. Let's explore what it is, where it comes from, and what its characteristics are.

The theory of 16 personalities is widely popular in both psychology and popular culture. There are several tests that aim to categorize individuals into their corresponding personality types, such as the Myers-Briggs indicator. Among the possibilities, one stands out for its uniqueness: the INFJ personality.

What are INFJ characters The Most Unique of Them All

Whether you are familiar with the world of psychology or not, you have probably heard of it. It is also known as the Advocate personality or the Idealist personality. In any case, it has unique characteristics that set it apart from others. In fact, the Center for Applications of Psychological Types estimates that only 1-3% of the population exhibits its traits.

So, what is the INFJ personality?

As we mentioned earlier, the INFJ personality is one of the 16 personalities included in the Myers-Briggs indicator. It's a useful test for determining personality type and is particularly useful in the workplace, as it measures how a person behaves in that environment and how they make decisions.

This indicator was developed based on the ideas of Carl Gustav Jung, particularly those outlined in his book Psychological Types (1921). Among the entire catalog of this indicator, the INFJ personality has always been the most unique.

This is due to two reasons: firstly because it is the rarest personality type, and secondly, because it combines qualities that are generally considered incompatible. In very simple terms, the INFJ personality describes individuals as introverted, intuitive, feeling, and judging.

From these four qualities, the INFJ category is derived, an acronym constructed from the English terms (Introverted, iNtuitive, Feeling, and Judging).

Characteristics of the INFJ Personality

There are many myths surrounding the INFJ personality. Some of these exaggerate their qualities, while others simply misrepresent them. What is certain is that we can determine the characteristics of this introverted personality:

Compassionate: INFJs are very compassionate, which translates into a high sense of empathy. They are not afraid to demonstrate these qualities when necessary, even if intuition always acts as a mediator. They practice compassion based on their beliefs, and values, and always from their point of view.

Combines emotion with logic: INFJs are often said to be very emotional. It's a half-truth, as their emotions are always mediated by rationality. They have an objective perception of right and wrong and, based on this, they hope to transform it. They are emotional, yes, but they never completely abandon logic.

Willing to help: after establishing a bond with another person, which may take time, they are not hesitant to help. They do so from their own space, as they may tire after a while and ask for solitude.

Have idealistic thoughts: if we have to highlight one characteristic of the INFJ personality, it's idealism. However, it's a characteristic they will always try to translate into action. They are not passive dreamers, but seek ways to turn dreams into reality.

Organized: they are planners, and when they exercise control, they do so based on it. This doesn't prevent them from making quick decisions when necessary, although they will try to be more methodical whenever they can.

The INFJ personality and relationships

INFJs tend to seek depth in their relationships. They are lively and live life to the fullest each day. They don't settle for anything less than true love in their relationships. For this reason, they may take a long time to find a partner.

As individuals, they may have unrealistic expectations due to their idealistic nature. This can sometimes work against them in relationships as they may be driven to seek a perfect relationship that doesn't actually exist.

The INFJ personality and friendships

INFJs seek depth in their friendships, just as they do in romantic relationships, and are not satisfied with superficiality. They dislike casual interactions and desire authentic and meaningful friendships, valuing quality over quantity in their circle of friends.

While they may be quiet and introverted around strangers, INFJs are very open and close with their friends. They enjoy talking to them and are able to share their passions and interests without hesitation. Although they also appreciate solitude, they find spending time with friends very enjoyable.

INFJ personality and parenting

Individuals with an INFJ personality have a very clear goal when it comes to parenting: nurturing independence. They are very responsible and take their role as a parent very seriously. They are very interested in raising their children in a positive way.

They find parenting an opportunity to use their various strengths, such as creativity and compassion. While acknowledging that parenting is not an easy task, they do not let fear overpower them. Their mindset allows them to face the challenges of raising a child.

Strengths and weaknesses of this personality

As we have seen, the uniqueness of this personality is not accidental. It combines various qualities, including those that conflict with each other. Always remember that INFJs are introverted and are characterized by the following strengths and weaknesses:

They have creative or artistic abilities.
They value close or deep relationships.
They have a reserved nature, especially in the presence of strangers.
They are always looking for ways to change their environment through action.
They can tolerate solitude, although this does not prevent them from actively sharing with a group.
They are sensitive and use this aspect along with their reason to interpret the world.

They become exhausted when they spend too much time in contact with others.
They avoid confrontation or do not know how to control it adequately.
Their idealism can lead them to have very high expectations.
They can create a barrier that makes it difficult to know them completely.
They can be stubborn in some things (even those destined to fail).
In some contexts, they can be very emotional.

The INFJ personality corresponds to various attributes of the cognitive functions established by Jung and the Myers-Briggs Indicator: thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition.

The dominant function of INFJs is introverted intuition, which can work against them as they can be stubborn. Their auxiliary function is extraversion, making them aware of others' emotions.

As a complement, and with less prominence than the previous functions, we find introverted thinking as the tertiary function. Finally, they have an inferior function of extraverted sensing. This latter function, although not highly developed, is what allows INFJs to remain connected to reality.

Celebrities with INFJ Personality Type

Lady Gaga: In addition to having a successful music career, she is a philanthropist who has carried out various humanitarian and charity works. She has also fought for the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. 

Nelson Mandela: He is a historical figure known worldwide for his fight against apartheid in South Africa. He is also recognized as one of the greatest defenders of human rights and social justice. 

Taylor Swift: American singer-songwriter and producer, known not only for her music but also for her charitable personality. She has supported the LGBTQ+ cause and has participated in several charity events to raise funds for various humanitarian initiatives. 

Joaquin Phoenix: In addition to being a great actor, he is a vegan activist who fights for equality and animal rights. 

Oprah Winfrey: She is an American journalist and television host known, among many things, for her character and personality. She is an activist for the Me Too movement, which was created in response to sexual harassment and assault. 

Martin Luther King: An activist known for his peaceful struggle against the inequalities resulting from racial conflicts. He fought for the civil rights of African Americans.

A rare personality

As seen, the UNFJ personality is very complex, which makes it rare. However, it is an interesting way of being that not everyone can afford to have.

We would like to conclude by reminding you that this and other types of personalities are indicative. If a test associates your answers with an INFJ personality, you should not condition your actions or thoughts to the criteria indicated above. 

Above all, you should be yourself and not anchor what you are to a test that cannot accurately measure what you feel, think, or do.
What is an ENFJ person like? An Overview of the ENFJ Personality Type
With their charismatic and socially savvy nature, ENFJ personalities exude altruism, magnetism, persuasiveness, and loquacity. They make up only around 2-3% of the population, making them one of the rarest MBTI types. 

Despite their relatively small number, however, ENFJs have the ability to influence and have a significant impact on the world. They are idealists with a love for people and a desire to provide help, support, and enlightenment. 

What is an ENFJ person like An Overview of the ENFJ Personality Type

ENFJs enjoy social novelties and interact with others in creative and unconventional ways. They are mystical and perceptive readers of people, able to understand them using their empathy and broad perspective.

On the other hand, ENFJs can also be Machiavellian, sometimes tempted to use their natural insights into human behavior for selfish purposes. However, for the most part, ENFJs see their role as helping others to live more authentically and ethically and guiding them in their personal growth. 

Being an important and valued member of a group is very meaningful to them. ENFJs are not lone wolves. They seek to be part of something bigger than themselves and to feel connected to a larger consciousness. 

Their sense of identity is strongly linked to the communities and social roles in which they live. They derive satisfaction and fulfillment from maintaining an active and relevant place in the social realm.

As a dominant Fe type, ENFJs place great importance on building, developing, and promoting positive relationships with others. Whether it's friends, family, romantic partners, or coworkers, ENFJs aim to get along with everyone. 

They love to converse and connect with all types of people and can seem chameleon-like in their ability to adapt and relate to others. ENFJs are skilled at understanding the needs and motivations of others. With their imagination and vision, they can help others elevate their perspective, empower them, and restore their confidence in themselves. ENFJ personalities can become very stimulating leaders.

Their positive energy is very attractive to others and allows them to gain a loyal and devoted following. People appreciate the heart and humanity that ENFJs show. These individuals can often become the moral center and spiritual guide to whom others seek advice and encouragement. 

Unfortunately, because they are such fluid and persuasive communicators, ENFJs can sometimes be accused of being insincere or superficial. Criticisms in general can be particularly difficult for ENFJs to accept. Sometimes they can slip into depression and self-doubt in response to ridicule and attacks on their character.

ENFJ individuals are pleasant and likable people who are particularly eager to receive praise and approval from others during their youth. Many are inclined to worship heroes and imitate people they admire and idolize. As children, ENFJs are often the teacher's pet and the obedient siblings who always seem to be campaigning to be mom and dad's favorite. 

ENFJs love family events, but they especially enjoy playing an active role in their orchestration. ENFJs typically see it as their responsibility and duty to oversee the planning and preparation of social events to make them fun, entertaining, and enriching for everyone.

One of the highlights of the ENFJ personality type is their communication skills, particularly verbal communication, where their entire range of self-expression and charisma is on display. ENFJs become aware early in the lives of their powers to influence and persuade others to get what they want. 

Politics come naturally to ENFJs, as they know how to carefully craft their words to hit the right note and elicit the response they are seeking. ENFJs, perhaps more than any other type, are compelled to be among people. In solitude, ENFJs can quickly become restless, pensive, depressed, and moody. For them, even bad company is often preferable to being alone or ignored.

They can be very effective at using their intuition to diagnose problems and find solutions that meet the fundamental needs of all the people involved. ENFJs want to avoid conflict whenever possible, but when it occurs, they try to resolve it in the most diplomatic way possible. 

Due to their desire to see more love and harmony in the world, ENFJs can be energetic and outspoken supporters of what they believe is morally right and in the best interest of others. 

In their youth, they may be particularly zealous and perhaps naive about their mission in life and their ability to solve the problems they see in the world.

With age and maturity, ENFJs will likely understand the limits of what can realistically be achieved and eventually abandon some of their ego-driven messianic complexes. 

However, ENFJs truly want to play a role in helping people succeed, which is why many are drawn to professions in teaching, therapy, and religion. Whatever guidance or service they provide to others, 

ENFJs can be so involved in the recipient's success that any failure or dissatisfaction on their part may seem like a failure on their own part. 

ENFJs have perfectionistic tendencies that drive them to achieve self-mastery and become excellent examples of the ideals they embrace and represent. ENFJs want to constantly improve themselves and others, but due to their lower introverted thinking, they have an easier time dealing with the problems around them than within themselves.


In conclusion, the ENFJ personality type is a unique and complex one that values interpersonal relationships, communication, and harmony. 

While they may have a tendency to seek validation and approval from others, they also have a strong desire to make a positive impact on the world and those around them. 

However, it's important to remember that no personality type is perfect, and each individual has their own strengths and weaknesses. 

Rather than focusing solely on labels and categories, let's strive to embrace and celebrate the diversity of human personalities and experiences. 

Ultimately, the key to understanding ourselves and others is empathy, compassion, and an open mind. So let's continue to learn and grow together, and celebrate the beautiful complexity of the human experience.